Osijek travel destination is the fourth largest city in Croatia and the biggest one in the region of Slavonija. It is located in the eastern part of Croatia. This region of Croatia is known for its level terrain and agriculture. Osijek represents Slavonija’s economic, cultural and legislative capital.
The modern day Osijek travel destination is located upon the remains of old Keltic settlements, the oldest of which dates back to second century BC. Old Roman settlements have also been found within the city’s limits and they clearly allude to the presence of the Roman Empire in these lands. The first Roman settlement was a camp that slowly evolved into a settlement called Mursa.
In the year 351. Mursa has been the sight of one of the bloodiest battles in the history of the Roman Empire. The armies of the emperor Constantius the Second fought the uprising armies of his detractors. He won and in honor of that victory raised an obelisk that was later sadly destroyed when the Huns destroyed the entire settlement in 441.
The name Osijek is first mentioned in a scroll from 1196. The document in which it is mentioned was a tax document issued by the Hungarian-Croatian king Emeric related to the taxation of the ferry transport over the river Drava. The city was seized by the Turks in 1526 and destroyed to the ground. Later on, it was rebuilt by Suleiman the Great. It remained under the Turkish command for over 150 years, when the Turks lost it. In 1690 it was again destroyed by the Turks, but not captured.
Since 1687 the city was under Habsburg Monarchy along with the rest of Eastern Croatia. For the purposes of defense, the Habsburgs built a fort that stands to this day. It is commonly referred to as ”Tvrđa” (Croatian for fort). Houses were built within the walls in a baroque style. The west part of the city that is located up the river the Drava is referred to as the ”Gornji Grad” (Cro. Upper town) and the part of the city downstream are referred to as the ”Donji Grad” (Cro. Lower Town).
In the near past, Osijek has been heavily involved in the Croatian War of Independence, when most of its landmarks were damaged in artillery attacks.
Thanks to its turbulent history and strategic location in this part of Europe, Osijek travel destination has become a noted historical and cultural tourist destination that attracts a lot of interest.
As is the case with most continental cities in Croatia the climate in Osijek travel destination is moderate. Summers are hot and winters are cold, with the average of 23 degrees Celsius in the summer and the average of around 0 degrees Celsius in the winter.
Attractions in Osijek travel destination:
In its limits, you can find the biggest collection of Baroque style buildings in all of Croatia. Along with those, Tvrđa is famous for the star-shaped fort that was built by the Habsburg monarchy.
the Apostle is one of the newer cathedrals in Croatia, having been built in 1898. The initiator of its construction was the then Bishop of Đakovo Josip Juraj Strossmayer. It has been built in a neo-Gothic style.
of their castle located in Osijek Croatian travel destination. The castle was built in a neoclassical style. Its appearance is dominated by three U-shaped wings and pavilions.
is the main destination for Osijek’s citizens when the temperatures get high in the summer. People go there to refresh, swim and sunbathe.
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