Rijeka travel destination is located in the Kvarner Gulf, which is located in the northernmost part of the Adriatic Sea. The city is the largest Croatian port and the third largest Croatian city. Thanks to its position it developed into one of the Europe’s biggest ports and became a powerful industrial city.
Rijeka’s history dates back to Roman times, evidenced by archeological digs throughout the old core of the city and its vicinity. The first mentions of the name Rijeka date back to the first half of the 13th century, when two settlements named Trsat and Rijeka are mentioned in historical scripts. Medival Rijeka was a feudal town fortified with walls that featured two divided towns. The upper part was military inclined, while the lower town was called Rika and it served as a trade center.
Habsburg monarchy took command of the town in 1466. and this enabled Rijeka’s growth in the 15th and 16th century. The arrival of the Jesuits in the 17th century marked the start of Rijeka’s growth in a cultural sense. Jesuits established the Jesuit Gymnasium in 1627 and this landmark is considered as the starting point of Rijeka’s University.
Wars with the Ottoman Empire and conflicts with Venice halted Rijeka’s progress as a trade port, but the city got back on track once Charles the VI of the Holy Roman Empire named Rijeka as a free city port. Late 18th and early 19th century were the periods in which Rijeka was under French command due to Napoleon’s conquests. The city was liberated from its French occupying force in 1813.
In 1843 Rijeka was annexed to Croatia as a reward for being on the Habsburg side in conflicts with the anti-Habsburg movement. Ban Josip Jelačić was its governor during that time. This didn’t last long as Rijeka was taken under Hungarian control thanks to the Croatian-Hungarian Settlement.
The 20th century saw the city being fought over by Italians and Croatians. Italians made their claims based on the fact that the major part of citizens of Rijeka was of Italian ancestry, while the Croatian side made their claims based on te fact that Croatians were the majority in Rijeka’s greater circle.
All of this turmoil over the years shaped Rijeka travel destination into the city it is today. – A multicultural environment that is open to outsiders and tourists. The city itself offers a lot to every interest group and provides an eventful vacation destination.
The climate in Rijeka travel destination is warm and relatively moist. The average winter temperature is 5 degrees Celsius, while the average summer temperature is around 24 degrees celsius.
Attractions in Rijeka travel destination:
is a part of Rijeka travel destination that is best known for its medieval fort and for being the home of the oldest Roman Catholic Marian sanctuary in Croatia. According to written chronicles from the 13th century, the birth house of Saint Mary from Nazareth appeared on Trsat on 10th of May of 1291. This has helped Trsat and Rijeka become a popular destination for pilgrims.
dominates Rijeka’s main square. It is well known for its three forefronts. It was built in a classicist manner with some elements of Baroque added to it.
is one of the three forefronts of the Municipal Palace. It was built in a late Baroque manner and it dominates the main square. The oldest part of the church dates back to 1408.
is the location of the remains of the old Roman Tarsatic military command post. It was built in the later half of the 3rd century and destroyed in the 5th century. It served as one of the outposts designed to defend the Roman empire from the incoming Barbarian invasions.
are the oldest architectural monument in Rijeka. They belong to the late antic period. It is believed that they are the gates of the old Roman Pretorium.
was the residence of Rijeka’s governor placed there by the Hungarian crown. In 1893 Hungarian architect Hauszmann designed this high renaissance masterpiece. The palace is most famous for its white stone finish and it is facing towards the port of Rijeka.
in Rijeka travel destination was built in 1885. It was built in a high renaissance style on the outside, while its interior is designed in a baroque manner. In front of the theater, there is a statue of Croatian poet Ivan the noble Zajac, whose name the theater bears.
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